Para-diplomacy and city science diplomacy

New actors become visible in science diplomacy, sub-national regions and cities take charge of addressing global challenges and establish international relationships to exchange experiences and strengthen their profiles.


SciTech DiploHub, the Barcelona Science and Technology Diplomacy Hub, is the nonprofit public-private partnership in charge of deploying the city’s science and technology diplomacy action plan. Backed by Barcelona’s leading research centres, universities, non-profits, corporations, startups and public institutions, it has the mandate to represent its science, technology and innovation ecosystem abroad, thus making the city an influential player in the global scene through science, technology and its contribution to addressing the global challenges. Read more:, page 248 and following (Case Study —SciTech DiploHub – Barcelona Science and Technology Diplomacy Hub. In: GUNi (2019): Higher Education in the World 7. Humanities and Higher Education: Synergies between Science, Technology and Humanities). The hub also offers training opportunities on science diplomacy (see

Another example of an active (non-European) sub-national science diplomacy stakeholder is Quebec. Quebec has several research and innovation attachées deployed to European countries (France, Italy, etc.) and is actively supporting cooperation in the frame of the EU R&I Framework Programmes with provincial support programmes.

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Keywords: City diplomacy, Strategy, Science and technology, Initiatives and events, Summer School

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Marie Croce

Posted by Marie Croce