THE MADRID DECLARATION ON SCIENCE DIPLOMACY
Science diplomacy has long been a tool to develop bilateral and multilateral relationships. However, the definition and applications of science diplomacy have broadened considerably in recent years. This conceptual broadening coincides with the growing understanding that science and technology underpin so many of the challenges and opportunities that current societies face, whether as a driver or a potential solution. Integrating science into foreign policy to not only advance national interests but also to tackle shared global challenges is an appropriate response.
In this context, S4D4C organized the 1st Global Meeting on Science Diplomacy titled “EU Science Diplomacy beyond 2020” in Madrid in December last year. At this event, experts from around the world discussed the present and future of science diplomacy, its fundamental role in addressing global challenges and the requirements to harness its full potential in the EU and beyond.
As a result of these fruitful discussions this “Madrid Declaration on Science Diplomacy” was signed by a group of high-level experts who contributed to the conference. It proclaims a common vision of science diplomacy in the future, emphasises the benefits science diplomacy can bring to tackling the global challenges of our time and outlines the principles needed to foster science diplomacy worldwide.
The “Madrid Declaration on Science Diplomacy” aims to foster agreement and raise awareness about the need to strengthen science diplomacy strategies and practices world-wide for the support of universal scientific and democratic values. These strategies are required to suitably include science and technology as key dimensions of foreign policy and international relationships at different political levels. This confluence of interests must be in the benefit of both the scientific endeavor as well as legitimate broader political and societal objectives.
Science diplomacy, in the context of this Declaration, is understood as a series of practices at the intersection of science, technology and foreign policy. The renewed interest in science diplomacy comes in response to identified challenges at the interface of science and foreign policy, where a greater scientific voice could both add value to bi- and multilateral discussions and decisions about our shared global concerns. Joint science diplomacy objectives are possible where actors converge around such common challenges. Therefore, science diplomacy goes beyond international science collaboration, as it tackles interests that go beyond the scientific ones and may directly or indirectly serve to advance diplomatic goals. The Madrid conference highlighted the growing importance of science diplomacy on a global level. One important role for science diplomacy, in this regard, is to build bridges between science, technology and innovation practices, national and regional interests, as well as global challenges.
We firmly believe that:
- Science diplomacy is often not fully exploited at all levels of governance, and especially at supranational levels;
- More explicit science diplomacy strategies at national and supranational levels would allow for a more effective alignment of interests and a more efficient coordination of resources.
BENEFITS OF SCIENCE DIPLOMACY
We firmly believe that the potential of science diplomacy is yet to be fully realized. It includes:
- Endeavours to address global challenges. Science and technology are global enterprises. Together with other tools in diplomacy, science diplomacy can facilitate the identification of common global challenges. Coordinated scientific efforts can help to address these global challenges. The relationship between global challenges and scientific practices goes both ways. Efforts to achieve the “Sustainable Development Goals” are an example of how global challenge-related policy-making and scientific research must be in constant dialogue.
- More productive and sustainable international relations at multilateral and bilateral levels owing their interaction with science and technology. The precondition for this is that scientific activities are considered but not appropriated by broader political rationales.
- Evidence-informed foreign policy supported by science and technology, aiming at substantive and resilient international agreements, treaties and policies.
- Better conditions for scientific activities due to the contribution of foreign policy agendas. Diplomacy, with the support of the scientific community, has a particular role to play in the implementation of larger scientific initiatives and projects (e.g. research infrastructures, joint programmes, etc.).
- Improved interfaces between science and public policies. Science diplomacy can contribute to eliminating cultural, sectoral, and knowledge barriers between different actors such as policy-makers, researchers, diplomatic bodies and civil society.
PRINCIPLES TO FOSTER SCIENCE DIPLOMACY WORLDWIDE
- Value for citizens: governments, diplomats and researchers are encouraged to acknowledge and demonstrate science diplomacy as a fundamental and universal tool to improve international relations in general.
- Methodological diversity: consider explicit and implicit types of science diplomacy objectives. This involves acknowledging that not all relevant science diplomacy practices are labelled as such. Putting the science diplomacy label on a given project, programme or policy is a strategic choice.
- Demonstrable impact: the potential positive effects of science diplomacy need to be measured and recognized. At the same time, there may be unintended side effects that need to be acknowledged and assessed. Public policies not relating to science diplomacy may also have unintended effects in the realm of science diplomacy.
- Evidence-informed: in foreign affairs-related policies in relevant areas. This knowledge can be content-related (e.g. scientific evidence on climate change, global inequality, cyber security), context-related (e.g. knowledge about a specific innovation system) or process-related (e.g. evaluative knowledge on the effects and the outcome of science diplomacy interventions).
- Collaboration and inclusion: science diplomacy is a multi-actor effort in which diplomats, scientists and science managers as well as other non- state actors can have a role and can contribute to its deployment. This applies at the local, regional, national and international level. This innovative model brings new governance and coordination mechanisms that need to be managed in dialogue with all stakeholders.
- Capacity building: All stakeholders involved in science diplomacy will benefit from exchange and suitable capacity building activities. Therefore, cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, intergenerational, interactive training modules are needed. These will enable diplomats, public officials and scientists to cooperate in an efficient way, strengthening future science diplomacy. This capacity building runs in parallel to the need to establish new science diplomacy positions such as science advisors in foreign ministries, scientific staff at Embassies, etc., which will also foster new career paths for science diplomacy professionals.
- Independence of science: science is an extremely useful tool for addressing global challenges and for improving international relationships as long as it is not distorted by ideological goals
The declaration is intending a truly global reach.If you would like to sign it as well, just send your name, affiliation and motivation to sign to email@example.com!
The Madrid Declaration as pdf: Download
Full list of signatories (updated continuously)
|SIGNATORIES OF THE DECLARATION BY ALPAHBETICAL ORDER
Note: The experts promoting this Declaration are signing on an individual basis. Their signature does not mean endorsement by any institution.
|Reham||Abo-Shnaf||Researcher, Plant Protection Research Institute (PPRI), Egypt|
|Muhammad||Adeel||Career Diplomat, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan|
|Yousuf||Al Bulushi||Head of Science, Knowledge and Technology Transfer Office (SKTT) Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oman|
|Katalin||Alföldi||Policy Officer and Grant Coordinator, European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)|
|Khaled||Alhazmi||King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia|
|Nelva||Alvarado||Researcher, University of Panama|
|Orhan||Alta||Professor, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey|
|Ana||Anselmo||International Matters, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Germany|
|Ewert||Aukes||Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Twente, the Netherlands|
|Chagun||Basha||Policy Fellow, DST’s Policy Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India|
|Zukhra||Bektepova||Project Officer, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)|
|Yoran||Beldengrün||Mercator Fellow on International Affairs 18/19 in Science Diplomacy|
|Paul||Berkman||Director, Science Diplomacy Center, Tufts University, USA|
|Marta||Božina Beroš||Associate Professor, University of Pula, Croatia|
|Philipp||Brugner||Project Manager, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria|
|Neha||Bhutani||Postdoctoral Researcher, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada|
|Veronica||Buccheri||Senior Specialist, International Relations Service, National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy|
|Melody B.||Burkins||Associate Director, John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding, Dartmouth College. Chair, US National Academies’ Board on International Scientific Organizations (BISO). Governing Board, International Science Council (ISC). Senior Fellow, UArctic Institute of Arctic Policy. Advisory Board, Science Diplomacy Division of International Network of Government Science Advisors (INGSA)|
|Cecilia||Cabello||Director R&I Policies and Internationalization, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)|
|Reina||Camacho Toro||Research Scientist, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE/CNRS), ATLAS experiment at CERN, France|
|Franklin||Carrero-Martínez||Board Director, National Academy of Sciences, USA|
|Sara||Cebrián||Science and Innovation Attaché, UK-Science and Innovation Network (SIN-UK), British Embassy in Madrid|
|Siti Khodijah||Chaerun||Professor, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia|
|William||Colglazier||Senior Scholar, Center for Science Diplomacy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), USA|
|Pedro||Cortegoso||Education Attaché, Spanish Embassy in Brazil|
|Marie||Croce||Junior Researcher, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria|
|Kerstin||Cuhls||Scientific Project Manager, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Germany|
|Elke||Dall||Senior Researcher, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria|
|Alexander||Degelsegger-Márquez||Head of Digital Health and Innovation, Austrian Public Health Institute, Austria|
|Wolfgang||Eberhardt||Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Delegate of Germany to the Council of SESAME|
|Ana||Elorza||Science Advice Coordinator, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)|
|Javier||Escudero||President, Society of Spanish Researchers in the United Kingdom, UK|
|Omololu||Fawunga||Researcher, University of Huddersfield, UK|
|Andrew||Fenemor||Senior Scientist Integrated Catchment Management, Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, New Zealand|
|Tim||Flink||Post-doctoral Researcher and Lecturer, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany|
|Cristina||Fraile||Deputy Head of Mission, Spanish Embassy in the US|
|Wiebke||Frey||Researcher, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), Leipzig, Germany|
|Laura||García Ibáñez||Specialist in Immunology, Cancer and Health Policy, Brussels, Belgium|
|Silvia Herminia||García Martínez||Auditor, Instituto de Fomento Municipal, Guatemala|
|Miguel||García-Herráiz Roobaert||Former Deputy Secretary General, Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), Spain|
|Rolando A.||Gittens||Researcher, Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología (INDICASAT AIP), Panamá|
|Peter||Gluckman||Chair, International Network for Government Science Advice, New Zealand|
|Didier||Goosens||Head of Corporate Communication, Fonds National de la Recherche, Luxembourg|
|Robin||Grimes||Professor, Imperial College London. Former Chief Science Adviser, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) of the United Kingdom, UK|
|Nicole||Grobert||Chief Scientific Advisor, Science Advice Mechanism, European Commission|
|Marga||Gual Soler||International Science Diplomacy Advisor, Member of the Research, Innovation, and Science Experts (RISE) High-Level Group to European Commissioner Carlos Moedas, Spain|
|Adrián||Gutiérrez||Science & Technology Counsellor, CDTI representative, Spanish Embassy in New Delhi, India|
|Claudia||Guerrero||Director of International Cooperation, Panama|
|Jürgen||Haberleithner||Professor and Researcher, Universidad de Colima, Mexico|
|Martina||Hartl||Deputy Head of Department, Department of International Research Cooperation and Science Diplomacy, Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Research, Austria|
|John R.||Helliwell||Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, University of Manchester, UK|
|Ralf||Hermann||Head, German Office for International Cooperation in Vocational Education and Training (GOVET)|
|Alma Cristal||Hernández-Mondragón||Director, Science, Centers and Transfer of Knowledge, SECTEI, México City Government|
|Mirabbos||Hojamberdiev||Research Professor, Department of Natural and Mathematic Sciences, Turin Polytechnic University, Uzbekistan|
|Viktoria||Holler||Project Manager, IÖB-Servicestelle, Austria|
|Maximilian||Huck||Project Manager, Diplomatische Akademie Wien, Austria|
|Niccolò||Iorno||Science Officer, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland|
|Borja||Izquierdo||Director, International Science Department Director, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)|
|Agnieszka||Jarzewicz||Independent Expert for the European Commission|
|Maria||Josten||Senior Scientific Officer, German Aerospace Center / Project Management Agency (DLR)|
|Dirk-Jan||Koch||Chief Science Officer, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands|
|Jacek Łukasz||Kolanowski||Principal Investigator, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry PAS in Poznan, and Vice-Chair-Elect, Polish Young Academy, Poland|
|Thomas||König||Head of Strategy and Scientific Services, Institute for Advanced Studies Vienna, Austria|
|Olga||Krasnyak||Lecturer in International Studies, Underwood International College, Yonsei University, Korea|
|Radenka||Krsmanović Whiffen||Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellow, ENEA Casaccia Research Centre, Rome, Italy|
|Stefan||Kuhlmann||Professor, University of Twente, the Netherlands|
|Léonard||Laborie||Researcher, CNRS, Deputy Coordinator of the Horizon 2020 project “Inventing a shared science diplomacy for Europe” (InsSciDE), France|
|Luis Miguel||Lacerda||President, Portuguese Association of Researchers and Students in the UK, UK|
|Izaskun||Lacunza||Head of Unit, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)|
|Angela||Liberatore||Head of Unit Social Sciences and Humanities, European Research Council Executive Agency|
|David||Mandelweit||Researcher, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain|
|Júlia||Mascarello||Master Student, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil|
|Katja||Mayer||Scientific Project Manager, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria|
|Claire||Mays||Executive Director, Horizon 2020 project “Inventing a shared science diplomacy for Europe” (InsSciDE), France|
|Peter||McGrath||Coordinator, Science Policy/Science Diplomacy Programme, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), Italy|
|Lorenzo||Melchor||EU Science Advice and Diplomacy Officer, Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)|
|Margoth||Mena Young||Researcher, Universidad de Costa Rica|
|Nadia||Meyer||Senior Scientific Officer, German Aerospace Center / Project Management Agency (DLR)|
|Alexandra||Middleton||Assistant Professor, University of Oulu, Finland|
|James||Moran||Ambassador, Associate Senior Fellow, Centre for European Policy Studies, Belgium|
|Pier Francesco||Moretti||Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy|
|Felix||Moronta-Barrios||Programme Specialist, ICGEB Biosafety, Full Member of the Global Young Academy, Vice-Director of Persea Foundation.|
|Jan Marco||Müller||Head of Directorate Office, Coordinator for Science to Policy and Science Diplomacy, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria|
|Dicky||Muslim||Associate Professor, Universitas Padjadjaran (UNPAD), Indonesia|
|Bashirullah||Najimi||Transform Fund Specialist, The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), Division of Science, Technology and Innovation (IDB-STI), Saudi Arabia|
|Ababacar Sadick||Ndoye||Chairman, Partner Relations Commission, Académie Nationale des Sciences et Techniques du Sénégal|
|Mona||Nemer||Chief Scientific Advisor to Canada´s Prime Minister, Canada|
|Eduardo||Oliver||Secretary-General, Network of Associations of Spanish Researchers and Scientists Abroad (RAICEX), Spain|
|Miguel||Oliveros||Cultural and Scientific Diplomatic Counselor, Spanish Embassy in London|
|Gonzalo||Ordoñez Matamoros||Assistant Professor, University of Twente, the Netherlands|
|Minh-Hà||Pham||Vice President for International Relations, Université PSL, France|
|Steven||Phipps||Senior Research Fellow, University of Tasmania, Australia|
|Sergiu||Porcescu||Founder, Knowledge HUB Moldova|
|Alexander||Raer||PhD Candidate, University of Tübingen, Germany|
|Moaz ur||Rahman||Principal Scientist, National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Pakistan|
|Pauline||Ravinet||Assistant Professor, University of Lille, France|
|Jonas||Reiche-Weiland||Academic Coordinator, Arab-German Young Academy, Germany|
|Margarida||Ribeiro||Policy Officer, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission|
|Alexis||Roig||CEO, SciTech DiploHub – the Barcelona Science and Technology Diplomacy Hub, Spain|
|Marco||Rondón Robles||Biologist, Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (SERNANP), Perú|
|Raquel||Saiz||Director of Strategy and Analysis, Asociación Española de Bioempresas (ASEBIO), Spain|
|Gulsen||Saray||Lecturer, HBVU University, Turkey|
|Wagdy||Sawahel||Research Professor, National Research Centre (NRC), Egypt|
|Fernando||Simón||Director, Spanish Coordinating Centre for Health Alerts and Emergencies|
|Paramdeep||Singh||Associate Professor, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, India|
|Zehra||Sayers||Professor, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabancı University, Turkey|
|Klaus||Schuch||Scientific Director, Centre for Social Innovation (ZSI), Austria|
|Mostafa Moonir||Shawrav||Vice-Chair, Marie Curie Alumni Association (MCAA)|
|Abdel Nasser||Tawfik||Professor of Physics, Nile University (NU), Egypt|
|Chaibi M.||Thameur||Director of Research, Institut National de Recherche en Génie Rural Eaux et Forêts (INRGREF), Tunisia|
|Francesca||Tolve||Office for European and International Relations, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Italy|
|Ramón||Torrent||President of OBREAL, Coordinator of EULAC Focus|
|Mario||Torres||Director, European Institute of International Studies, Sweden|
|Moctar||Touré||Vice-President, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), Italy|
|Riccardo||Trobbiani||Project Researcher, United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS), Belgium|
|Luk||Van Langenhove||Scientific Coordinator, EL-CSID project (European Leadership for Cultural, Science and Innovation Diplomacy), Belgium|
|David||Velázquez||Communication Officer, EU Polar-net, Alfred-Wegener-Institute, Germany|
|Yoan Israel||Viamonte Garrido||SciTechIntel Consulting Services, Ecuador|
|Tom||Wang||Former Director, Centre for Science Diplomacy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), USA|
|Akadiri||Yessoufou||Associate Professor, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin|
|Mitchell||Young||Assistant Professor, Charles University, Czech Republic|
|Lassina||Zerbo||Executive Secretary, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)|