Several countries have appointed scientific advisers to their foreign ministries. They are also forming a network (INGSA) and the position also has a strong influence on the countries science diplomacy.
For example, in the UK, the role of the Chief Scientific Adviser to the FCO (appointed since 2009) entails diplomatic activities alongside promoting the use of evidence in policymaking. In cooperation with countries where relationships can be complex, scientific collaborations can be a way of building bridges and also to jointly build capabilities in S&T to jointly address societal challenges, for example. The bilateral relationships can also support foreign policy objectives. Different departmental Chief Science Advisory contribute to building international collaborations, engaging with the scientific community globally.