Jointly defining statistics and measurements, standardising research protocols and statistics – and drawing policy conclusions from the results includes an aspect of science diplomacy. Transnational communities are being built, negotiations take place to harmonise measurements, agreements concluded on common standards and evidence-based inputs to policy (on national and multi-national levels) are made based on international data collections.
The Climate Action Tracker is an independent scientific analysis that tracks government climate action and measures it against the globally agreed Paris Agreement aim of “holding warming well below 2°C, and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5°C.” A collaboration of two organisations, Climate Analytics and NewClimate Institute, the CAT has been providing this independent analysis to policymakers since 2009. CAT quantifies and evaluates climate change mitigation commitments, and assesses, whether countries are on track to meeting those. It then aggregates country action to the global level, determining the likely temperature increase by the end of the century. CAT also develops sectoral analysis to illustrate the required pathways for meeting the global temperature goals.
The Global Reporting Initiative Database is 100% free for the general public. The database is an organised collection of sustainability reports that enables organisations to consider their impacts on a wide range of sustainability issues, enabling them to be more transparent about the risks and opportunities they face. The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) helps businesses and governments worldwide to understand and communicate their impact on critical sustainability issues such as climate change, human rights, governance and social well-being. The mission is to empower decisions and to enable real actions that create social, environmental and economic benefits for everyone.
The Observatory Of International Research (OOIR) Database lists the latest articles from leading social science journals to help scholars to stay up-to-date, to pluralise the disciplines, and to make frontiers of social science scholarships discoverable to the general public.
Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Providing the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions is a key task. Democratic societies do not function properly without a solid basis of reliable and objective statistics. On one hand, decision-makers at EU level, in the Member States, in local government and in business need statistics to make those decisions. On the other hand, the public and media need statistics for an accurate picture of contemporary society and to evaluate the performance of politicians and others.
Keywords: Data, Statistics, Standards, Measuring, Analysis, Historical data, Exchanging data sets, Trending papers, Journals, Publications, Metadata, Sustainable Development