1. How to Get Started?
2. What Is Science Diplomacy?
3. Who Are the Science Diplomacy Stakeholders?
4. How Does the EU Practice Science Diplomacy?
5. What Are the National, Regional and Thematic Approaches of Science Diplomacy?
6. What Set of Skills Do I Need to Be a Good Science Diplomat?
7. Hands On! Case Studies
8. How Can You Dive Deeper into Science Diplomacy?
Satisfaction Survey

3.1.1 Learning Objectives and Experts’ Preliminary Insights

Learning objectives

At the end of this module, you will have learnt:

  • Who are the main stakeholders of science diplomacy at the local, national, regional and global level
  • What is the nature of their work
  • How they interact and create collaboration networks, and be able to explain different types of networks

Please, bear in mind that the examples given throughout the session are illustrative and not exhaustive.

What the experts think

We have asked a number of experts to share who they think the main stakeholders in science diplomacy are. They will introduce you to different actors from both the government sphere (especially foreign affairs ministries and science, technology, and innovation ministries) and the scientific community. The role of international stakeholders is also mentioned, as well as that of civil society organisations. Watch the videos below:

William COLGLAZIERWilliam Colglazier

Editor-in-Chief of Science & Diplomacy and Senior Scholar in the Center for Science Diplomacy at the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS)

How many types of science diplomats are there? What are their positions and in which institutions do they work?

Nadia Meyer

Project manager in the German Aerospace Centre (DLR)

What are the main stakeholders in science diplomacy internationally?

Marga Gual Soler

Senior project director in the Center for Science Diplomacy at the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Who are the main stakeholders in science diplomacy internationally?


Peter Gluckman

Chair of the International Network for Government Science Advice (INGSA)

What other international stakeholders relevant to science diplomacy are there?


These questions are posed for you to reflect individually about the main messages put by our experts in science diplomacy. Please, take some time to think about them.

  • Do you think science diplomacy is all performed through classic diplomatic relations among countries?
  • Do you think there is space for researchers and researchers associations, for instance, to play a role in science diplomacy objectives and scientific advice for foreign affairs?
  • Do you think there are enough interfaces for these stakeholders to interact and mutually enrich their work?

Creative Commons License
The material provided under this course is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.