1. How to Get Started?
2. What Is Science Diplomacy?
3. Who Are the Science Diplomacy Stakeholders?
4. How Does the EU Practice Science Diplomacy?
5. What Are the National, Regional and Thematic Approaches of Science Diplomacy?
6. What Set of Skills Do I Need to Be a Good Science Diplomat?
7. Hands On! Case Studies
8. How Can You Dive Deeper into Science Diplomacy?
Satisfaction Survey

5.4.2 Infrastructural principles

The infrastructural principles are related to what supportive resources and infrastructures in the broadest sense are required for preparing successful science diplomacy approaches. They include capacities, capabilities and trust.

Principle Description:
“Science diplomatic activities should…”
Key questions Example

Create, reinforce and/or draw on suitable and sufficient institutional and organisational resources, political will, reliable and inclusive knowledge resources, and gatekeeping proficiency. · Which conditions does the activity
require that are already in place?
· Which conditions still need to be
Accessibility of scientific knowledge and relevant

stakeholders (networks): Knowledge

infrastructures such as the S4D4C online knowledge resources platform (https://www.s4d4c.eu/online-knowledge-resources/) can

contribute to improving this accessibility.


Empower individuals to become trained ‘translators’,
‘multilingual’ in the sense of speaking the language of science and diplomacy and enable them to
opportunistically or incidentally interact with communities beyond their daily circles both in the domain of science and/or diplomacy.
· Is the existing human capital,
including skills and knowledge,
appropriate for the planned activity?
negotiating for
public funding: see SESAME, Lesson 7.5

Produce mutual recognition and credibility on an
individual level as well as clear ‘rules of the game’ on the process level, thereby strengthening the process and increasing its legitimacy for the individuals involved.
· How well-developed are trust
relationships between potential
stakeholders of the envisioned
· What needs to be done to improve
these relationships?
Role of large
scale scientific
infrastructures in
cooperation: see SESAME, Lesson 7.5