1. How to Get Started?
2. What Is Science Diplomacy?
3. Who Are the Science Diplomacy Stakeholders?
4. How Does the EU Practice Science Diplomacy?
5. What Are the National, Regional and Thematic Approaches of Science Diplomacy?
6. What Set of Skills Do I Need to Be a Good Science Diplomat?
7. Hands On! Case Studies
8. How Can You Dive Deeper into Science Diplomacy?
Satisfaction Survey

5.1.1 Learning objectives and preliminary experts’ insights

This module is a walk through the science diplomacy strategies in different countries and regions around the world.

Furthermore we will explain how different countries and organisations face some of the biggest global challenges and delineate the science diplomacy strategies that are related to the corresponding national or regional initiatives (climate change, food sustainability, pandemics, etc.).

Finally we draw some conclusions on how to identify, plan and facilitate SD actions.

Learning objectives

After successful completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • describe and differentiate a number of regional and national approaches to science diplomacy
  • name and describe some important approaches to challenging global topics (e.g. water, health)
  • design a basic approach towards building a strategy in science diplomacy

Please be aware that the examples that are given in this module are just a selection of what can be found in the real world. They are, therefore, illustrative, but not comprehensive and should be augmented by the experiences in the course of your own development.

What the experts think

We have invited a group of experts to give us some preliminary insights about the question “Which national, regional and thematic approaches of science diplomacy exist?” Their explanations will help to establish the foundations on which we will build up your knowledge.

Martina Hartl

Austrian Ministry of Education, Research and Science and rapporteur of the Science Diplomacy Force of the Strategic Forum on International Cooperation (SFIC). 

How does Europe Collaborate with other regions?


What are the “strategic”, “operational” and “support” tools for EU science diplomacy?

Miguel García-Herráiz Roobaert 

Deputy Directorate General for EU External Relations and Trade, Secretariat of State for EU Affairs, Spanish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, European Union, and Cooperation

What is the Union for the Mediterranean? How does it relate to science diplomacy?


Tiina Vihma-Purovaara 

Senior Ministerial Adviser, Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Finland.

How do you see the approach to science diplomacy (personally, in Finland, in Europe)?


Pierre Bruno Ruffini

Professor, University of Le Havre

How do member States of the European Union relate to science diplomac


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The material provided under this course is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.