1. How to Get Started?
2. What Is Science Diplomacy?
3. Who Are the Science Diplomacy Stakeholders?
4. How Does the EU Practice Science Diplomacy?
5. What Are the National, Regional and Thematic Approaches of Science Diplomacy?
6. What Set of Skills Do I Need to Be a Good Science Diplomat?
7. Hands On! Case Studies
8. How Can You Dive Deeper into Science Diplomacy?
Satisfaction Survey

7.3.4 Main Recommendations

Based on these findings, the authors draw four recommendations:

  1. Given the multitude of actors involved within the EU ((Directorate General Research and Innovation (DG), the European External Action Service (EEAS),, delegations to multilateral institutions and countries), the authors call for better coordination in the field of science diplomacy.
  2. Due to the EU’s ambition to tackle global challenges, such as ensuring food security in Africa, science policy and foreign policy should be closer aligned. Concretely, this would entail deeper coordination between the Directorate General Research and Innovation (DG RTD) and the EEAS.
  3. The European Union’s S&T attachés (the “science diplomats”) should receive additional support, especially in regions where their work is most required.
  4. Dissemination formats for research on food security (and other global challenges), funded by the EU, should be developed, in order to contribute to EU diplomacy.

What the experts think

One of the authors of this research case study, Dr Pauline Ravinet, has been interviewed to provide you with some key highlights.

Pauline Ravinet

Assistant Professor of Political Science, CERAPS, University of Lille

What are your recommendations to better integrate science diplomacy into the management of food security?

Read more!
You may get all the information about this S4D4C case study in the following references:
– Ravinet, P., R. Cos, M. Young (2020): The science and diplomacy of global challenges: Food security in EU-Africa relations. In: Young, M., T. Flink, E. Dall (eds.) (2020): Science Diplomacy in the Making: Case-based insights from the S4D4C project (Link).
– Poster Report: “The science and diplomacy of global challenges: Food security in EU-Africa relations” (Link).


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